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Ethan Murphy
Ethan Murphy

The History and Evolution of Spain: A Classic Jazz Tune by Chick Corea



Spain by Chick Corea: A Big Band Arrangement with Free PDF Download




If you are a fan of jazz music, you have probably heard of the legendary pianist and composer Chick Corea. He is one of the most influential and innovative musicians of the 20th and 21st centuries, who has explored various styles and genres, from bebop to fusion to classical. One of his most famous and popular compositions is Spain, a tune that combines elements of Latin, flamenco and jazz.




Spain Big Band Arrangement Pdf Free


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Spain was first recorded by Corea's band Return to Forever in 1972, and since then it has been covered by many artists and groups, including Al Jarreau, Stevie Wonder, Bobby McFerrin and The Manhattan Transfer. It is also a favorite among jazz educators and students, who often perform it in various settings and arrangements.


One of the most impressive and challenging arrangements of Spain is the big band version, which was written by Corea himself. It features a complex and colorful orchestration, with intricate rhythms, harmonies and melodies. It also showcases the solo skills of the saxophone, trumpet and trombone players, as well as the piano and guitar.


If you are interested in learning more about this arrangement, you are in luck! You can download a free PDF of the score from Musescore.com, a website that allows you to view, print and share sheet music online. You can also listen to the audio playback and follow along with the notation. The score includes all 17 band parts, plus a full score.


This arrangement is not for beginners, though. It requires a high level of technical proficiency, musicality and coordination from all the musicians involved. It is also very demanding in terms of rehearsal time and preparation. But if you are up for the challenge, you will be rewarded with a stunning and exhilarating performance that will impress any audience.


One of the reasons why Spain is such a popular and beloved jazz tune is that it has a catchy and memorable melody, based on a Spanish folk song called El Vito. The melody is played in unison by the saxophones and trumpets, creating a powerful and energetic sound. The melody also features some syncopated rhythms and chromatic notes, adding some spice and flavor to the tune.


The arrangement also has a unique and creative structure, which consists of four main sections: an introduction, a theme, a development and a recapitulation. The introduction sets the mood and tone of the piece, with a flamenco-inspired guitar solo and some percussion. The theme presents the main melody and harmony of the tune, with some variations and embellishments. The development explores different musical ideas and motifs, based on the theme, with some solos and ensemble passages. The recapitulation returns to the theme, but with some changes and surprises, such as a modulation and a coda.


The big band arrangement also showcases the skills and talents of the musicians involved, both as soloists and as a group. The solos are improvised by the saxophone, trumpet and trombone players, who have to follow the chord changes and create interesting and expressive melodies. The piano and guitar also have some solo spots, where they can demonstrate their technique and style. The bass and drums provide the rhythmic foundation and support for the whole band, as well as adding some accents and fills. The ensemble passages are also challenging and exciting, requiring precision, coordination and dynamics from all the players.


If you want to download the free PDF of the big band arrangement of Spain, you can do so by visiting Musescore.com and clicking on the download button. You will need to create a free account or log in with your existing one. You can also choose to print the score or share it with others. Musescore.com is a great resource for finding and sharing sheet music online, with a huge community of musicians and composers.


However, if you want to learn more about the big band arrangement of Spain, you might want to check out some other sources as well. For example, you can watch a video of Chick Corea conducting and playing the arrangement with the Metropole Orkest on YouTube. You can also listen to a recording of the arrangement by the WDR Big Band on Spotify. These are some examples of how different bands and musicians interpret and perform the arrangement, with their own style and flair.


Another way to learn more about the big band arrangement of Spain is to read some articles and reviews about it. For example, you can read an analysis of the arrangement by David Demsey on JazzEd Magazine. You can also read a review of the arrangement by Jack Bowers on All About Jazz. These are some examples of how different critics and experts appreciate and evaluate the arrangement, with their own perspective and criteria.


The history of Spain as a jazz tune goes back to 1971, when Chick Corea composed it and recorded it with his band Return to Forever. The band consisted of Corea on electric piano, Stanley Clarke on bass, Airto Moreira on drums, Flora Purim on vocals and percussion, and Joe Farrell on flute. The album Light as a Feather was their second release, and it became a landmark of jazz fusion, combining elements of Latin, rock and jazz music.


Spain was inspired by Corea's love for Spanish music and culture, especially the work of composer Joaquin Rodrigo. Corea borrowed the main theme of Rodrigo's Concierto de Aranjuez, a guitar concerto that evokes the beauty and melancholy of Spain. Corea also added some flamenco influences, such as the guitar solo in the introduction and the hand clapping in the coda. The title of the tune was suggested by Purim, who thought it captured the mood and spirit of the piece.


Spain became an instant hit among jazz fans and musicians, who admired its catchy melody, complex harmony and rhythmic vitality. It also became a challenge and a joy to play for many jazz artists, who tried to improvise over its chord changes and create their own versions of the tune. Spain has been recorded by dozens of musicians over the years, in various styles and formats, such as vocal, instrumental, solo, duo, trio, quartet, quintet, sextet, big band and orchestra.


Chick Corea's style as a jazz pianist and composer is characterized by his versatility, creativity and originality. He has mastered various jazz dialects, such as bebop, post-bop, Latin, fusion, free-form and avant-garde, as well as classical music. He has also developed his own distinctive voice and accent, which many modern jazz musicians have imitated and learned from.


Corea's style is influenced by his musical heroes, such as Bud Powell, Thelonious Monk, Bill Evans, Miles Davis, John Coltrane and Herbie Hancock. He has also drawn inspiration from his cultural heritage, especially Spanish and Italian music. He has incorporated elements of flamenco, tango, bossa nova and salsa into his jazz compositions and improvisations. He has also experimented with different instruments and sounds, such as electric piano, synthesizer, vibraphone and drums.


Corea's style is also marked by his adventurous spirit and curiosity. He has always been open to new musical ideas and challenges, collaborating with musicians from different genres and backgrounds. He has also explored different musical forms and structures, such as modal jazz, 12-tone music, fugue and concerto. He has also written music for various ensembles and settings, such as solo piano, duo, trio, quartet, quintet, sextet, big band and orchestra.


Downloading the PDF of the big band arrangement of Spain has many benefits for jazz enthusiasts and musicians. Here are some of them:


  • You can view and print the score and the parts on any device, without needing any special software or application.



  • You can share the PDF with your friends, colleagues or students, and collaborate on learning and playing the arrangement.



  • You can embed multimedia content into the PDF, such as audio, video or links, to enhance your understanding and enjoyment of the arrangement.



  • You can secure the PDF with a password and define whether a user can open, print or edit the file. This helps you to protect your data and prevent unauthorized access.



  • You can access the PDF from anywhere, as long as you have an internet connection. You can also store it in cloud storage solutions like Dropbox or Google Drive.



  • You can customize the PDF according to your preferences and needs. You can zoom in or out, rotate, crop, highlight, annotate or bookmark the pages.



  • You can convert the PDF into other file types, such as Word, Excel or PowerPoint, if you need to edit or modify the content.



Playing the big band arrangement of Spain is not an easy task. It requires a lot of skill, practice and dedication from all the musicians involved. Here are some of the challenges that they face:


  • The arrangement is very complex and colorful, with intricate rhythms, harmonies and melodies. The musicians have to be able to read and execute the music accurately and expressively, while following the conductor's cues and directions.



  • The arrangement is very demanding in terms of technical proficiency, musicality and coordination. The musicians have to be able to play fast and difficult passages, improvise over challenging chord changes, and blend well with their section and the whole band.



  • The arrangement is very dynamic and exciting, with different sections, solos and ensemble passages. The musicians have to be able to adjust their volume, tone and articulation according to the mood and style of the piece, and create contrast and interest for the listeners.



Practicing the big band arrangement of Spain is essential for achieving a good performance. Here are some tips on how to practice it effectively:


  • Practice your individual part first, making sure you know the notes, rhythms, articulations and dynamics. Use a metronome to keep a steady tempo and a tuner to check your intonation. Listen to recordings of the arrangement to get familiar with the style and sound.



  • Practice with your section next, making sure you blend well and balance each other. Work on tuning the chords and matching the phrasing and tone. Listen to each other and communicate with eye contact and body language.



  • Practice with the whole band last, making sure you follow the conductor and play as a unit. Work on transitions, cues, solos and ensemble passages. Listen to the other sections and adjust your volume and tone accordingly.



Conclusion




The big band arrangement of Spain by Chick Corea is a masterpiece of jazz music that showcases the composer's versatility, creativity and originality. It is also a great opportunity for jazz musicians to challenge themselves and have fun playing a complex and exciting piece. By downloading the free PDF of the score from Musescore.com, you can access and enjoy this arrangement with ease and convenience. Whether you are a fan, a student or a professional, playing the big band arrangement of Spain will enrich your musical experience and appreciation. b99f773239


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